Ethnic Travel Sapa
Table of Contents
Sapa is a mountainous province located in northern Vietnam. This region is home to various ethnic groups. Each of them keeping their own special and very different cultures and traditions. The Hmong people is the largest ethnic minority settled in this beatiful part of the world. Around 2km far Sapa center is Cat Cat – San Sa Ho Village. This villages is considered the primary village of the Hmong people. This ethnic group has many special and interesting cultural features you should discover when taking your next ethnic travel Sapa exploration is a must.
The Hmong Ethnic Minority
The Hmong people first settled this part of Vietnam about 100 to 300 years ago. Apart from the name Hmong, locals call this ethnic group Meo, Mieu, etc. Depending on differences in language and culture, Hmong people can be divided into smaller groups, White Hmong, Red Hmong, Black Hmong, Flower Hmong, Green Hmong and Na Mieo.
The Black H’Mong
Most Hmong people in Sapa come from the Black Hmong ethnic group, which accounts for 53% population of Sapa. People give this group the name Black Hmong since their clothing is all black. Normally, men wear black pants with short-sleeved T-shirt, long waist coat without sleeve and a black embroided hat. Also, the women wear black outfits too and wrap black head cloth along with a long waist coat. Unlike people from other ethnic minorities, Hmong women in Sapa wear long black pants, not skirts.
Gau Tao Festival
When talking about the Hmong group’s traditional culture in Sapa, you cannot ignore the Gau Tao festival. This festival takes place from the 1st to 15th day of the 1st Lunar month. Its main aim is to pray for good wishes and good luck for the coming year.
Those who do not have any children visit the Gau Tao festival to pray for a little child. The sick and infirm also visit join in Gau Tao to pray for good health. Members of each family fetch the sturdy bamboo plants, called New Year trees, and plant them with some special items and red cloth in the highest place on the hill. Here the rituals will be undertaken.
Gau Tao Festival The Special Place in the Hearts of the H’Mong
Local people believe that this time is the luckiest and the best time to ask for those special things. When all traditional ceremonies finish, they will gather at celebrate the good furtunes together. This time of year, is a spceial time. People gather from far and wide and use this time to cathc up with old friends and share stories from the past
Also, young children play traditional games keeping the culture alive from generation to generation. Activities include archery competitions, horse riding, khun dancing, gau lenh singing, and other performances.
After all of the ceremonies they remove the piece of red cloth off to receive the best luck possible.
Costumes and Traditional Clothes
The Hmong people have many varieties of costumes and traditional activities. If you are interested in ethnic travel Sapa and wish to experience the lives of Hmong ethnic minority, coming to this majestic land is definitely a great choice.